Check out the 10 products that grew the most last week

An analysis by DECO Protest of the values ​​practiced reveals that the price of the basket of basic necessities “costs 206.39 euros this week, down slightly (1.64%) compared to the 209.81 euros it cost there has a week left (August 24), but 12.40% more than it cost on February 23, the day before the outbreak of armed conflict in Ukraine”.

“Between February 23 and August 31, the price of meat has already increased by 17.30% (an additional 5.58 euros)”, underlines DECO, adding that “a kilo of pork loin, chicken, pork, pork loin chops, turkey entrecôtes, veal for cooking and turkey thigh”, can now cost, on average, 37.82 euros.

As for fish, the consumer defense association indicates that it “increased by 16.29% (i.e. 9.83 euros more) over the same period”, and “to buy a single kilo of salmon, hake , horse mackerel, black swordfish, bass, sea bream”. , perch and cod, the consumer will now have to pay, on average, 70.14 euros”.

The consumer protection association monitors the prices of a basket of 63 essential food products each week, including products such as turkey, chicken, hake, horse mackerel, onions, potatoes, carrots, bananas, apples, oranges, rice, spaghetti, sugar. ., ham, milk, cheese and butter.

This week, in the period from August 24 to 31, “the ten products with the highest price increases are Flemish cheeses (+ 6%), hake medallions (+ 5%), loaves of bread without crust ( + 5%), carrots (plus 5%), broccoli (plus 4%), white sugar (plus 4%), cooked cereals (plus 4%), rice sticks (plus 3%), strawberry liquid yogurt ( plus 3%) and cereal flakes (plus 2 percent)”.

Looking at the period since February 23 of this year, DECO Protest points out that all categories of food products have recorded price increases, with “meat (17.30% more) and fish (16.29 % more) standing out, but groceries (9.63% more), dairy products (10.26% more), fruits and vegetables (8.55% more) and frozen products (0. 72% more) also suffered hikes”.

The ten products that saw their prices increase the most between February 23 and August 31 were fresh hake (76% more), broccoli (36% more), 100% vegetable cooking oil (31% more), cauliflower heart (30% more), whole chicken (29% more), turkey steak (27% more), pork chops (22% more), maria biscuits (21% more), flour for cakes (21% more) and red potatoes (21% more).

The association explains that this increase is due to the fact that Portugal is “highly dependent on external markets to guarantee the supply of cereals necessary for internal consumption”, which “currently only represent 3.5% of national agricultural production. : mainly maize (56%)”. , wheat (19%) and rice (16%).

“And if at the beginning of the 1990s self-sufficiency in cereals was around 50%, currently the value does not exceed 19.4%, one of the lowest percentages in the world and which forces the country to import around 80% cereals he eats. », adds DECO.

The organization specifies that “the Russian invasion of Ukraine, where most of the cereals consumed in the European Union, and therefore in Portugal, come from, has come to put even more pressure on a sector that has been struggling for months. with the consequences of a pandemic and a drought”. with a strong impact on production and the constitution of stocks”.

“The limitation of the supply of raw materials and the increase in production costs, in particular energy, necessary for agro-food production, can therefore result in an increase in prices on international markets and, consequently , consumer prices,” he points out.

In addition, he points out, “consecutive increases in consumer prices, especially of products such as fuel and food, contribute to an increase in the rate of inflation”.

“According to the National Institute of Statistics (INE), the inflation rate reached 9.1% in July of this year”, although, “already in August, according to INE estimates, it should have decelerate slightly to 8.97%”, he concludes.

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