With the arrival of summer and the respective bathing season, concern for the appearance of the legs comes to the fore and, therefore, the prevention of varicose veins is a priority.
If you still don’t have varicose veins, but you experience pain, fatigue or swelling in your legs, or you notice spots appearing on your skin, you should be aware of the possibility of have chronic venous disease.
Although women are more likely to develop varicose veins, the truth is that varicose veins are universal. Some risk factors for the appearance of varicose veins are obesity, physical inactivity and orthostatism.
Want to know what varicose veins are and how to avoid them? So keep reading this article.
What are varicose veins?
In short, varicose veins are superficial, insufficient and dilated veins, more than 3 mm in diameter, generally tortuous. These veins are not efficient in performing their function, which is to return blood from all parts of the body back to the heart.
Although any vein can become “varicose”, varicose veins are more common in the lower extremities.
The symptoms of varicose veins vary from person to person and depend a lot on the condition in which they are. The most common symptoms/signs of this condition are in the lower extremities and are:
- Feeling tired and heavy;
- Edema (swelling);
- Pigmentation of the skin.
In most cases, varicose veins occur due to family history. That is, if there are people with varicose veins in the family, it is more likely that they belong to the risk group and therefore have this problem in the future.
In addition to the hereditary factor, there are other factors that potentiate the appearance of varicose veins, such as:
- Overweight or obesity;
- People who spend a lot of time sitting or standing;
- Pregnancy, the greater the risk, the greater the number of pregnancies;
Prevention of varicose veins: 9 useful tips
Even if heredity is a relevant factor, certain precautions can help prevent the appearance of symptoms and possibly prevent the appearance of varicose veins:
- Engage in physical activity (for example, walk);
- Maintain a healthy weight;
- Change position frequently to stimulate blood circulation (avoid sitting or standing still for a long time);
- When recommended, wear elastic compression stockings;
- Avoid wearing tight clothes;
- Do not wear very high heels;
- Hydrate the body daily, especially the feet and legs;
- During hot days, or as soon as you have symptoms, massage your legs with cold water, from bottom to top, for a few minutes;
- Consult an angiologist/vascular surgeon to follow their guidelines.
What if I develop varicose veins?
The treatment plan should be determined by the vascular surgeon.
As a rule, a venous Doppler ultrasound of the lower extremities is performed, which is easy, quick and painless, and depending on the results, the specialist will recommend the best approach.
The most common approach is conservative therapy, which includes some daily care, the use of elastic compression stockings, and possibly the administration of medication.
In the event that conservative therapy does not work or is not sufficient, it is necessary to resort to other treatments, including:
- Sclerotherapy (injection of a chemical substance that will block the vessel);
- Transcutaneous laser therapy;
- Radiofrequency therapy or endovascular laser;
- Vascular surgery
Now that you know how to prevent varicose veins…
It is important that you put into practice all the information we provide in this article. After all, prevention is always the best solution, as it helps avoid future complications or more drastic treatments.
So that you can show your legs without fear and above all have good health and quality of life, do not expect to suffer from the symptoms of varicose veins, apply our advice now. If you show signs of this condition, do not hesitate and seek a vascular surgeon immediately.