On the occasion of World Zoonoses Day, celebrated on July 6, the National Afternoon – Amazon talked about certain diseases transmitted from animals to humans and vice versa (reverse zoonosis). The interviewee was the head of the Hantavirus and Rickettsiosis Laboratory at the Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (IOC/Fiocruz), Elba Lemos.
The specialist commented on human rabies, a disease recently contracted by a teenager from the Federal District, after being scratched by a stray cat. She also talked about Covid-19, leishmaniasis, Chagas disease, sporotrichosis, hantavirus, spotted fever and dengue fever. Elba Lemos listed the main precautions that we must take to avoid transmissions, both in the domestic environment and in nature.
As collective preventive measures, she stressed the importance of respecting the environmental balance, in addition to vaccinating humans and animals. Concerning individual care, the interviewee lists the use of repellents, the non-humanization of domestic animals (avoiding kissing or letting the animal lick its face) and increased attention when visiting wild environments.
Click on the player above to listen to the full interview.