Sinusitis is a very common inflammation, and if you haven’t had an episode yet, you’ll probably have one in the future. But some strategies may be right for treating the disease, the most common symptoms of which are blocked nasal passages, fever, fatigue, cough, headache or facial aches, and lack of appetite.
Know about sinusitis
The bony cavity in the area of the cheekbones, nose and eyes is known as the sinus. Sinusitis is an inflammatory process that can affect the mucous membranes present in this area.
This disease has two types:
- chronic sinusitis
- acute sinusitis
In general, the symptoms of both presentations are similar, but in acute cases the patient may not have a fever or facial pain. Symptoms last for a maximum of four weeks and are usually predominant, that is, they are present throughout the day.
Chronic patients may have cough and cacosmia, which attract unpleasant odors. Symptoms usually appear at night or when the patient is lying down. They can last up to three months, even with proper treatment.
What are the symptoms?
In case of sinusitis, several symptoms can occur, but they can vary, that is to say, you can only have one, some or even all of them.
The most common are:
- Muscle pain
- Feeling of pressure in the face
- congested nose
- loss of appetite
- Presence of phlegm (yellow or greenish)
What is the cause ?
There can be several causes for your sinusitis. Among the most common are infections with viruses, bacteria and even fungi. A simple example is when you have the flu or a cold, or even rhinitis is attacked. In short, any situation that makes it difficult for the nose and six faces to function can trigger the disease.
Other common reasons are nose injuries or dental infections, allergic reactions, pollution, smoking, and even changes in altitude.
What can I do to improve myself?
As we mentioned before, sinusitis can last a very long time, even with the right treatment. Despite this, there are some non-drug practices that help reduce discomfort.
Cleaning the nostrils with a saline solution is one such practice. A few drops are enough to help eliminate secretions and possible dirt. It is important to blow your nose after putting on the serum.
It is also important to stay hydrated. Drink plenty of water and teas. This will help make the secretions more fluid, which will make it easier to expectorate. If possible, use air humidifiers or leave pots of hot water around the house. The steam will deliver hydration directly to the nasal passages, improving the feeling of congestion. You can also put a washcloth soaked in warm water on your face.
Rest will be of great value. Avoid high intensity exercise and try to get a good night’s sleep. If you want to practice a little sport, prefer outdoor walks.
What about sinus medications?
First of all, it is important to emphasize that you should not take any sinusitis medication on your own. Before looking for a medical professional, you can use some of these home remedies.
It is possible to nebulize, that is to say to inhale the vapors of a mixture of water, salt and eucalyptus. Eucalyptus has an expectorant action, while water and salt, in addition to hydrating the respiratory tract, potentiate its effect.
Chamomile tea is always fine. Indeed, in addition to the comfort provided by food and hot drinks, this herb has an anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antiseptic action.
Now, if it’s hot, you can opt for spinach juice. The vegetable made famous by the cartoon Popeye will not give you super strength, but it does have an anti-inflammatory and decongestant action.
And at the pharmacy?
If the above alternatives have not worked, it is recommended to consult a medical professional. When the causative agent of this disease is bacteria, the medical professional may even prescribe antibiotics. The most commonly used are azithromycin, clarithromycin and levofloxacin.
In cases initiated by allergic reactions, a good option is antiallergic drugs such as loratadine and cetirizine.
Acting directly on the symptoms, analgesics and anti-inflammatories such as paracetamol and ibuprofen can be used. Saline solutions are also often used to dissolve secretions.
Nasal sprays and corticosteroid tablets are options, but they should only be used under the supervision of a healthcare professional. Indeed, if they are used continuously, they can cause side effects.
Decongestants, whatever their presentation (spray, liquid or tablets), should only be applied for a short time, no more than three to four days.
Pregnant women should be very careful
Pregnant women should be very careful about taking antibiotics or corticosteroids. They can use these drugs only under the supervision of a medical professional and strictly according to the instructions.
This is because the side effects can harm the development of the baby and also the health of the mother. Home remedies and rest are best for treating sinusitis.
Source: Panorama Farmacêutico Newsroom
Quality and independent journalism
O Pharmaceutical overview is committed to disseminating relevant and credible information. Our contents are open to everyone with free registration, because we understand that updating knowledge is a necessity for all professionals connected to the sector. We practice independent journalism and our income comes solely and exclusively from the support of advertisers and partners. Thank you for honoring us!